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A Look at Casino Slot Machines

Someone who has recently been introduced to slot car racing soon realizes that they have discovered an exciting hobby. This fun hobby’s enthusiasts can be found all across North America and the rest of the world where people meet to have fun.

The scale sized autos are motorized miniature racing cars that are guided by a slot in a race track. A pin extends from the model’s bottom into the slot. Some slot cars are modeled after normal automobiles but the vast majority are modeled after full size racing cars made famous on the NASCAR, Indy, and Grand Prix circuits. These are the cars that are used in competitive slot car racing, also known as slot racing.

All racing slots have bodies that have been specially designed for miniature racing. Most people who engage in this hobby use slot cars which are commercially available for purchase. Some of these cars have been modified to give them better performance. Some slot car racers build their own racers from parts and mechanisms that can be purchased from slot car makers and at many specialty shops online.

The “driver” of the car uses a hand-held controller to send a low-voltage current to an electric motor concealed within the car. Usually, each individual car will operate in its own lane. Some new technology has been developed recently to allow cars to share a lane. You can find this feature on some of the new digital racing sets. The biggest challenge for the drivers comes when these miniatures have to take a curve at a high speed. Drivers must be skilled enough to ensure that their car does not “deslot” or leave the track altogether on the curves.

Some people who engage in this exciting hobby build detailed tracks which include miniature stands and buildings and scenery. Most hobbyists tend to prefer tracks which are not obstructed by scenery as they are very distracting to drivers while racing.

Power to the motor is carried via metal strips that sit next to the slot. This is picked up by contacts along something called a guide flag which is a swiveling blade that is located under the front of the slot car. The car’s speed is regulated by a resistor found in the hand controller which is held by the driver.

In all modern slot cars, traction magnets are often used to give “downforce” which helps the car stay on the track when racing at higher speeds. Many slot car racers believe that using a car without traction magnets gives a much greater challenge. They also enjoy the way a magnet-free car will slide or “drift” outward while racing believing that this gives more visual realism.

Racing slot cars come in three scales or sizes. They are made in 1:24 scale, 1:32 scale and the often called HO size 1:87 to 1:64 scale.

The scale length refers to the unit of length (either one inch or one millimeter) so that 1 unit on the model is equal to 24 units on the actual car it is made to resemble. Most 1:24 scale cars require a course that is too large for the average home enthusiast so people who race with 1:24 scale cars usually do it a club track.

Charles Fey invented the slot machine in the 1890’s. He probably never envisioned that his creation called the “Liberty Bell” would evolve into the most popular form of casino gambling today.

The slot evolution however had a lot of growing pains as many in the United States viewed gambling as a social ill. By 1910 all legal gambling activity was shut down,which left horse racing as the only legal entity in America.

During the 1920’s prohibition era, the public’s thirst for gambling matched that of booze. Slot machines along with alcohol were found in “Speak Easy’s” throughout America, many of them controlled by Organized Crime. After prohibition ended underground casinos remained active.

States began to crack down on illegal casinos and began to seize and destroy gambling equipment, including slot machines. Mayor LaGuardia of New York City called them “mechanical pick pockets”, destroyed them with a sledge hammer, and dumped them into Long Island Sound. (You can watch the action on YouTube.)

In 1931 Nevada legalized gambling. Slot machines populated the floor in the states’ casinos but were there only to amuse the wives and mistresses playing their pennies and nickles while the men did all the heavy gambling at the tables. (A portrayal of this is depicted in the 1952 movie, “The Las Vegas Story” with Vincent Price, Victor Mature, and Jane Russel.) Slots remained a “ladies” game until Atlantic City legalized gambling in 1978.

Bally Manufacturing invented a unit powered by electricity and slots began to “light up” and produce various sound effects. When multi-coin acceptors were introduced, new dollar machines meant larger jackpots for customers. When the Random Number Generator was invented top prize amounts could be increased on four and five reel versions. A spin button became an alternative to the handle.

The Indian Gaming Act was approved in the 1980’s which allowed casinos on reservation land and newly legislated dockside riverboat gambling attracted new slot players while racetracks added the one arm bandits..

IGT launched Megabucks in 1986 and slots were now linked across Nevada by phone lines offering a giant lottery size jackpot that grew with each coin wagered. The Progressive Jackpot was born and players could now become millionaires. Players began abandoning the table games, flocked to the machines and casinos took notice.

Where We Are

The proliferation of slots paved the way for new inventions. A video slot with 25 lines, up to a bet of 10 credits per line allowed for a ticket in, ticket out, (TITO) system. The coins and the handles followed the dinosaurs.. Operators could now lower the denominations to as little as a penny and still turn a profit. PG Slot

In the new century slot makers were quick to promote the themed slot, units based on popular movies, TV shows and entertainers. Players could now spin the Wheel of Fortune, giggle at Curley, Larry, and Moe, take a ride with Captain Kirk, or croon over Ol’ Blue eyes. All the games have video clips from favorite shows.

The themed slots have evolved to 5 video reels with up to 40 lines. Chairs have comfortable high backs, and some even vibrate when certain bonus features are hit. Touch screens have the latest LCD technology, 3D graphics and Bose sound systems as they continue to evolve. Depending on the game theme, players can wager as little as one penny(credit) per line up to $2, $3, and $4 maximums. Bonus features offer generous payouts while progressive jackpots climb to six and seven figures.

Newer games saw the introduction of CSI, Sex and the City, Iron man, Michael Jackson, David Copperfield, The Walking Dead, Back to the Future, Jurassic Park, Wonder Woman, Ellen, Let’s Make a Deal, the Godfather, Monopoly, and The list goes on and on.

Where We’re Going

The themed slot will no doubt continue to grow. However there’s a huge segment of casino patrons looking for something different. They are the Millennials.Born in the early 1980’s to the late 1990’s who grew up playing video games. Casinos took notice that this generation didn’t care to sit in front of a machine that did all the work for them in order to win. They want to be involved to make it happen. This led to the introduction of Games of Skill at the 2016 Global Gaming Expo in Las Vegas.

Two companies, GameCo and Gamblit Gaming introduced their wares at the expo and by all accounts, things look very promising. Other companies, Konami and Scientific Games are creating their own versions to attract the Gen Y’s. Other companies will soon follow.

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